The contradictory of all these statements is to be held as the dogmatic teaching of the Church.
The word Baptism is derived from the Greek word, bapto , or baptizo , to wash or to immerse.
The symbolism of an outward washing to cleanse an invisible blemish was made very familiar to the Jews by their sacred ceremonies.
It signifies, therefore, that washing is of the essential idea of the sacrament.
Scripture uses the term baptize both literally and figuratively.
One of the Seven Sacraments of the Christian Church ; frequently called the "first sacrament ", the "door of the sacraments ", and the "door of the Church ". The effect of this sacrament is the remission of all sin, original and actual; likewise of all punishment which is due for sin.
The subject will be treated under the following headings: I. As a consequence, no satisfaction for past sins is enjoined upon those who are baptized; and if they die before they commit any sin, they attain immediately to the kingdom of heaven and the vision of God.
Baptism is, therefore, the sacrament by which we are born again of water and the Holy Ghost, that is, by which we receive in a new and spiritual life, the dignity of adoption as sons of God and heirs of God's kingdom.
Having considered the Christian meaning of the term "baptism", we now turn our attention to the various rites which were its forerunners before the New Dispensation.Many other terms have been used as descriptive synonyms for baptism both in the Bible and Christian antiquity, as the washing of regeneration, illumination, the seal of God, the water of eternal life, the sacrament of the Trinity, and so on.In English, the term christen is familiarly used for baptize . In case of necessity, however, not only a priest or deacon, but even a layman or woman, nay, even a pagan or heretic can baptize, provided he observes the form used by the Church, and intends to perform what the Church performs. The minister of this sacrament is the priest, to whom it belongs to baptize, by reason of his office."The sacrament of regeneration " is the metaphysical essence of the sacrament, while the physical essence is expressed by the second part of the definition, i.e.