Ranked by estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States.Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area.Clockwise from top: Milwaukee skyline from Discovery World, downtown at night along the Milwaukee Riverwalk, inside the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee City Hall, Burns Commons in the East Side neighborhood, and the historic Mitchell Building53172, 53201, 53202, 53203, 53204, 53205, 53206, 53207, 53208, 53209, 53210, 53211, 53212, 53213, 53214, 53215, 53216, 53218, 53219, 53220, 53221, 53222, 53223, 53224, 53225, 53226, 53227, 53228, 53233, 53234, 53237, 53259, 53263, 53267, 53268, 53274, 53278, 53288, 53290, 53293, 53295 is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
There were intense battles between the towns, mainly Juneautown and Kilbourntown, which culminated with the Milwaukee Bridge War of 1845.Following the Bridge War, it was decided the best course of action was to officially unite the towns.Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, and Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena.The under-construction Wisconsin Entertainment and Sports Center is scheduled to open in 2018.It is also part of the larger Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha combined statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,026,243 in the 2010 census.
The first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic missionaries and fur traders.
Scholars classify German immigration to the United States in three major waves, and Wisconsin received a significant number of immigrants from all three.
The first wave from 1845 to 1855 consisted mainly of people from Southwestern Germany, the second wave from 1865 to 1873 concerned primarily Northwestern Germany, while the third wave from 1880 to 1893 came from Northeastern Germany.
Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable. Early that year it became known Juneau and Kilbourn intended to lay out competing town-sites and by the years' end both had purchased their lands from the government and made their first sales.
There were perhaps 100 new settlers in this year, mostly from New England and other Eastern States.
In the second half of the 18th century, the Native Americans living near Milwaukee played a role in all the major European wars on the American continent.