It was advertised with the following announcement - "However incredible it may appear, this coach will actually (barring accidents) arrive in London in four days and a half after leaving Manchester." A similar service was begun from Liverpool three years later, using coaches with steel spring suspension.This coach took an unprecedented three days to reach London with an average speed of eight miles per hour.The stagecoach was a four-wheeled vehicle pulled by horses or mules.
Even more dramatic improvements were made by John Palmer at the British Post Office.
The postal delivery service in Britain had existed in the same form for about 150 years—from its introduction in 1635, mounted carriers had ridden between "posts" where the postmaster would remove the letters for the local area before handing the remaining letters and any additions to the next rider.
Widely used before the introduction of railway transport, it made regular trips between stages or stations, which were places where the coach's horses would be replaced by fresh horses.
The business of running stagecoaches or the act of journeying in them was known as staging.
His travel from Bath to London took a single day to the mail's three days.
It occurred to him that this coach service could be developed into a national mail delivery service, so in 1782 he suggested to the Post Office in London that they take up the idea.
Robert Hooke helped in the construction of some of the first spring-suspended coaches in the 1660s and spoked wheels with iron rim brakes were introduced, improving the characteristics of the coach.
In 1754, a Manchester-based company began a new service called the "Flying Coach".
Without suspension, these coaches achieved very low speeds on the poor quality rutted roads of the time.
By the mid 17th century, a basic stagecoach infrastructure had been put in place.
The riders were frequent targets for robbers, and the system was inefficient.