Sri Lanka (Sinhalese: ශ්රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), formerly known as Ceylon, is in Southern Asia.It is an island country in the Indian Ocean, south of India.
Sri Lanka was engulfed in a bitter civil war for 30 years between the government and the Tamil Tigers, who were fighting for an independent state for the Tamil speaking minority.The war ended in May 2009 but the consequences persist, and heavy emigration is still slowing Sri Lanka's population growth.Versand & Rücksendung frei Es freut uns Ihnen mitteilen zu können, dass wir Ihnen Versand, Retour und Geschenkverpackung gebührenfrei für jede Bestellung auf garantieren können.Alle Bestellungen nach Deutschland und alle Retoursendungen von Deutschland werden gebührenfrei sein.The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century BC, probably from northern India. Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and the Dutch in the 17th century, the island was ceded to the British in 1796, and became a crown colony in 1802.
Buddhism was introduced starting from the mid-3rd century BC, and a great civilization developed in cities like Anuradhapura (kingdom from c. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
Legend has it that Hanuman the monkey flew over to Lanka and destroyed the capital by setting it on fire, while Rama and his remaining troops later crossed over from the mainland by building a land bridge across the sea.
There is however a school of thought, though largely unsupported, that Sita the wife of Rama, eloped with Ravana while Rama was away.
It is argued by those who support this view that, this is why Rama subjected Sita to undergo an "agni pariksha" (test of fire) to prove her purity.
Nevertheless, this theory is widely criticized by believers of Valmiki's version of the episode. Other later notable kingdoms are the Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola, Kandy and Jaffna Kingdoms.
Sri Lanka has more than 2,500 years of continuous written history by means of the Mahawansha, and was also mentioned in several ancient Indian texts.