For further information about measurement see Colin Chapman, ‘How heavy, how much and how long?
: weights, money and other measures used by our ancestors’ (Lochin,1995).
Most people today are still familiar with the classic Roman numerals.
Newcastle did not feature much in the English Civil War, save a Royalist plundering.
which created the Newcastle-under-Lyme Municipal Borough absorbed the previous borough created through the charters of 15, under which the title of the corporation, was the "mayor, bailiffs and burgesses of Newcastle-under-Lyme." When Stoke-on-Trent was formed by the 1910 amalgamation of the "six towns" (Stoke, Hanley, Fenton, Longton, Burslem and Tunstall) Newcastle remained separate.
In 1235 Henry III constituted it a free borough, granting a guild merchant and other privileges. In 1265 Newcastle was granted by the Crown to Simon de Montfort, and subsequently to Edmund Crouchback, through whom it passed to Henry IV.
In John Leland's time the castle had disappeared "save one great Toure".
40 perches = 1 rood 4 roods = 1 acre Confusion arises from the fact that a perch is also a measurement of length.
A perch, pole and rod are all terms for a measurement of length of approximately 5 metres (5.5 yards).So documents written in the first year that Charles II was on the throne would actually be styled 12 Charles II. Jones (eds), ‘A Handbook of Dates: For Students of British History’ (Cambridge University Press, revd 2000).For more information about dates (including saints days, regnal years, religious festivals and terms of the law courts) see C. Top of page Arabic numerals were not used in England until the 16th century, and even after then Roman numerals continued to be used.In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII had reformed the calendar, then in use, known as the Julian Calendar (named after Julius Caesar).The Julian Calendar did not correspond exactly to the solar year.Thus the year number did not change until 25 March, so taking 1558 as an example, the dates ran as follows: So if you see a document dated any time between January and 24 March before 1752, be aware that in modern terms, you need to add a year.