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The affirmative need not necessarily provide a literal interpretation of the resolution; rather, the objective of the affirmative team is to make an adequate case for its interpretation of the resolution.To this end, the team must introduce one or more arguments in support of the resolution as they have interpreted it, and sustain that case throughout the debate. The negative team argues against the affirmative position.Judges may not impose additional rules on debaters. Violations of these rules may merit (at the judges discretion) a reduction in points, or a loss in a given round.

There are number of debate formats, allowing a different approach to debated subject and involving a different number of participants.The two most popular formats include a Karl Popper debate format And Parliamentary debate format (, American and British) others includes; Policy debate format, Lincoln Douglas debate format, The ‘Town Hall’ Format, A ‘Quick Debate’ Format, A Three-Way Debate and A Running format as well as the Nigerian format.Cases of intellectual dishonesty are the sole exception: in these cases, a Tournament Director may reverse a decision, provided that the reversal takes place prior to the scheduled start of the next round.Tournament Directors (with the approval of the IDEA Accreditation Committee) are permitted to make minor changes to these rules.Disclaimer: All models on this website are 18 years or older.

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Karl Popper debate should: • focus on the core elements of controversial issues • emphasize tolerance for multiple points of view • emphasize the development of analytical thinking skills • instill in participants an appreciation for the value of teamwork • provide students with the opportunity to debate many kinds of resolutions I.

Karl Popper Rules The following rules, which define the goals and procedures of Karl Popper Debate, are intended to ensure that participants enter into the debate sharing a common set of expectations.

For example, it may challenge the interpretation of the resolution, the factual and analytical foundations of the case, or the underlying assumptions of the affirmative's claims. When debaters refer to any public information, they should be prepared to provide, upon request, complete source documentation to the opposing team and to the judge. Each debate team is composed of three individuals who will speak in the roles they announce at the start of the debate.

A team's documentation of cited material must be complete enough for the opposing team and the judge to locate the information on their own. Students should cite arguments and statistics truthfully, and never fabricate sources or data. Debaters may change their role in the debate from round to round.

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